♦ advance


♦ advance
♦ advance /ədˈvɑ:ns/
A n.
1 [u] avanzamento; avanzata; (l')avanzare: the army's advance, l'avanzata dell'esercito; with the advance of old age, con l'avanzare dell'età
2 progresso: technological advance, il progresso tecnologico; Surgery has made great advances, la chirurgia ha fatto grandi progressi
3 (banca, comm.) anticipo; anticipazione; acconto; prestito: I asked for an advance on my salary, chiesi un anticipo sullo stipendio; advances on (o against) securities, prestiti su titoli; advance money, acconto; anticipo; payment in advance, pagamento anticipato; acconto
4 aumento; rialzo: an advance in the cost of living, un aumento del costo della vita; Any advance on £150?, (a un'asta) 150 sterline, chi offre di più?
5 (al pl.) approccio, approcci; avances (franc.): to make advances to sb., tentare un approccio con q.; fare delle avances a q.
6 [u] (autom., mecc.) anticipo
7 [u] (comput.) avanzamento (della carta, ecc.)
B a. attr.
1 anticipato; in anticipo: advance booking, prenotazione anticipata; (naut.) advance freight, nolo anticipato; advance payment, pagamento anticipato; advance notice, preavviso
2 in avanscoperta; come avanguardia: advance party, gruppo in avanscoperta; gruppo inviato a preparare il terreno
advance copy, copia-saggio (di un libro) □ (mil.) advance guard, avanguardia □ (USA) advance man, incaricato che si occupa dei preparativi di una visita (di un personaggio importante) □ (trasp.) advance-purchase excursion ► APEX □ in advance, anticipatamente; anticipato; in anticipo; (mil.) in avanscoperta: payment in advance, pagamento anticipato; to book in advance, prenotare in anticipo; We were sent in advance, siamo stati mandati in avanscoperta □ in advance of, prima di; in anticipo su (i tempi, ecc.).
♦ (to) advance /ədˈvɑ:ns/
A v. i.
1 avanzare; muovere: We advanced on the capital, avanzammo sulla capitale; to advance on the enemy, muovere contro il nemico; to advance into a region, avanzare (o inoltrarsi) in una regione
2 progredire; fare progressi; avanzare
3 (di prezzi, ecc.) aumentare; salire
B v. t.
1 promuovere; favorire; far progredire: to advance the cause for peace, promuovere la causa della pace; to advance one's career, fare carriera; to advance one's own interests, favorire i propri interessi; fare il proprio interesse
2 anticipare (una data, un evento)
3 far avanzare; spostare in avanti; mettere avanti (l'orologio): (scacchi, dama) to advance a piece, far avanzare un pezzo
4 proporre; avanzare; accampare: to advance a theory, proporre una tesi; to advance an opinion, avanzare un'opinione; to advance a claim, avanzare una pretesa; accampare un diritto
5 anticipare (denaro); concedere (un prestito); prestare: I will advance you a week's pay, vi anticiperò una settimana di salario
6 far aumentare, far salire, alzare (prezzi, percentuali, ecc.)
7 (autom., mecc.) anticipare (l'accensione).

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

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